Dental issues such as TMJ Disorder, toothaches and more serious conditions can cause jaw pain. Today, our Sydney dentists list potential causes of jaw pain and what to do with any sore joints.
What causes jaw pain?
If you have a dental issue such as a toothache, TMJ Disorder or even a more serious condition, you may be experiencing jaw pain.
TMJ Disorder is one of the most common causes of jaw pain. The temporomandibular joint connects your jaw to your skull's temporal bones (located just under your temple, in front of your ear). This hinge plays an important role in your daily life, allowing you to breathe, talk and eat.
Issues with facial and jaw muscles can cause TMJ Disorders. If the disorder advances to a severe state after you start to experience pain in this area, you might eventually be unable to move the joint.
Here are some common causes of TMJ Disorder:
- Injury to the jaw
- Certain illnesses or conditions, including arthritis
- Misalignment of the jaw
- Inflammation in the muscles around your jaw
Symptoms of TMJ Disorder can include:
- Problems with vision
- Ringing in the ears
- Popping or locking in your jaw
- Constant headaches
- Aches or pains around your jaw, ears or face
If you think you may have a problem with your TMJ, see your dentist. He or she may be able to recommend exercises or treatment. Prescription drugs or surgery may sometimes be necessary to address the issue.
Though we take many routine vaccines in childhood that have fortunately gotten rid of diseases, it’s still possible to get diseases that can cause jaw pain and other symptoms.
Tetanus is a bacterial infection that can cause your jaw muscles to stiffen or feel tight. This serious condition can result in spending weeks in hospital.
Just like other bones in your body, your jaw can become fractured or dislocated. After taking a blow to the jaw, you may experience:
- Loose or missing teeth
Depending on the injury, you may need to see your dentist if the pain doesn’t go away, you are missing teeth or you’re unable to chew or open and close your mouth. Over-the-counter pain medication such as ibuprofen may help, in addition to dental treatment if necessary.
A variety of dental issues can lead to a sore jaw. These can include:
- Fractured or crowded teeth
- Toothache (typically with an abscess or cavity as the underlying cause)
- Teeth grinding
- Gum disease (which can cause your jaw bone to become damaged)
- Wisdom teeth erupting
- Misaligned teeth
These problems should be addressed as soon as possible, and fractured teeth are dental emergencies, so you should see your dentist right away. Until then, keep the tooth that hurts clean and try rinsing with warm water.
Cysts or Tumors
Not typically cancerous, odontogenic cysts or tumors can quickly begin to impact your teeth. Surgery may be required to remove them.
One of the most painful types of headache, cluster headaches can result in pain around or behind one eye, with pain radiating to reach the jaw.
A type of infection that occurs in the bone, this condition can impact your mandible (lower jaw). Referred to as anaerobic osteomyelitis, it can cut off blood supply to your jaw and damage bone tissue if left untreated.
How can I get rid of jaw pain?
- Apply a warm, wet washcloth or ice pack covered in cloth to your jaw (10 minutes on, 10 minutes off)
- Take over-the-counter pain relievers such as acetaminophen and ibuprofen.
- Rub the affected joint. Massage the joint using your fingers, pressing the sore areas of your jaw and moving to the side of your neck.
- Avoid caffeine (which can potentially contribute to muscle tension)
If your jaw pain persists after at-home remedies, make an appointment with your dentist.
At Mayflower Dental, our dentists will discuss your symptoms with you, complete a comprehensive oral examination, explain possible treatment options, and develop a custom treatment plan that may include a mouthguard or other measures depending on your needs.
In rare cases, oral surgery for TMJ Disorder may be recommended to correct the problem for those with severe pain that suffer from structural problems in their jaw and haven’t found relief with other remedies or treatments.